Learn how to use “Cheer up.”
Jenny, there are some verbs that are both transitive and intransitive, depending on the sentence. How can we know if it’s transitive or intransitive?
Transitive/intransitive refers to how we use the verb, and many verbs are used both ways. The important thing to know is if a verb CAN be both transitive and intransitive. When you look a new verb up in a dictionary, there’s usually a [T] or an [I] (or a [T I] next to it, which gives you a clue about how to use the verb.
When you want to learn a new word, it’s important to pay attention to how people use it so that you can use it correctly yourself. Noticing if a verb can (or must) be followed by a noun (transitive/intransitive use) is one part of that. It’s just as important to notice things like typical situations where we use the word or other words that we often use with it.
Hope that helps!
Jenny, how did I miss this? We watched ‘Cheer up’, and then there were other videos, and this ‘Transitive/Intransitive’ video. Can I ask the typical student questions? “How do I know ?” And, “When do I use…?” And, “Do you have a list?” Thanks.
I’ll try to answer those questions!
1. Unfortunately, the answer to “how do I know…?” is that you pay attention to how the word is used and/or you look it up in the dictionary. There’s no way of knowing how a verb is used just by looking at it.
2. The answer to “when do I use?” is the same! Except that it’s most important to pay attention to how people use it, because the dictionary gives a very limited amount of information. For these videos, I have done a bit of research into each verb so that I can provide examples of how we typically use it.
A good way for students to do their own research is to go to Google News and search for the verb (hint: search for both the simple form and the past tense!) Then they can see lots of examples of how the verb is really used. I recommend Google News rather than plain old Google because you usually get better and more varied results.
3. It’s very easy to find lists of phrasal verbs on the Internet. Here’s a good one that includes separate lists of transitive/intransitive and separable/inseparable: Purdue OWL
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